Paper and Card Density

The difference between paper and card is generally defined by its density which is the weight by a given area.

In Australia and Europe the standard measurement is the weight in grams of paper 1 meter x 1 meter that is the grams per square meter which is often abbreviated gsm.  The more dense the sheet the stronger it is.  Paper is less dense than Card.


As a reference point the paper that is used for general printing and photocopying needs is around 80 gsm, for a bit higher quality paper is could be as much as 100gsm.

For punching out shapes for creating Paper Punch Flowers it is best to use quality 80-100 gsm paper.


To make greeting cards you will require card that is at least 200 gsm though if you were to decorate a card with a Paper Punch Flower floral bouquet then using card with a higher weight 260-300 gsm would make it more stable and better able to hold the weight of the artwork.

As with paper and card size, the units and methods used to measure density vary for different regions of the world.

USA paper and card

In the US and countries using Letter size paper, mass and not density is used to describe different papers.  That mass is referred to as the weight  of a ream, a ream is 500 sheets.

This is an interesting situation as the measurements of each ream is not taken into consideration for the mass.  So the mass of 500 sheets of letter size paper or copy paper could be the same as a ream of large tissue paper or small cardboard!

The units of measurement for a ream mass is pounds or lbs.

But lets just try to compare Letter paper as that is the paper size that is mostly referred to in the Paper Punch Flowers Online Workshop.

According to Wikipedia, a typical ream of Letter size copy paper, the paper mass would be defined as 20-24 lbs.

And from my research it would seem that a Letter size card thick enough for cutting and folding into greeting cards would likely have a mass of around 80 lbs.





Paper and Card Sizing

Paper sizes vary around the world.  There are two main standards for basic printing paper sizes and these are A4 and Letter.

In Australia, UK and many other countries A4 is the commonly used paper size, where as in the US and Canada the standard size is Letter.

There is not much difference in the sizing, but when it comes to making templates for printing greeting cards you need to make sure the correct paper size is used and set up in your printer.

When making homemade greeting cards you tend to start with card and paper that comes in the standard paper size for the country you reside.

So lets take a look at the breakdown of each paper size separately so we understand the terminology.

Derivations of A4 paper sizing.

It is very simple to understand paper sizing when starting with A4 size as a reference point.  In general each time you halve the paper the “A” number gets larger:-

(Measurements in Portrait view)
A4 is 210 mm wide x 297 mm high
A5 is half A4 (148 mm x 210 mm)
A6 is half A5 (105 mm x 148 mm)

so to be complete Double A4 is A3 size (297 x 420mm), etc. right up to A1.

Greeting Cards from A4.

To get the standard size greeting card that I refer to in the Paper Punch Flowers workshop, simply cut a piece of A4 paper in half across the length (i.e. halving the 297mm length), you will then be left with 2 x A5 size pieces of card.

When you fold the A5 card in half (across the length) you get an A6 size card greeting card.

Paper Sizes Derived from A4

Some Envelope Terminology.

Sometimes the A6 size is referred to as C6, this is because the envelopes are referenced with a “C”.

An A6 card fits inside a C6 envelope.  Similarly a larger A5 card will require a C5 size envelope.

When you fold a standard A4 piece of paper in thirds, this will fit into a DL business size envelope.  The DL envelope measures 99mm x 210mm.

You can also make greeting cards in the DL shape, simply cut 1/3 off the length (99 mm) and then fold the remainder of the card in half.  This leaves you with a card that when folded in half measures 99 x 210mm.

Note: If you are going to post non-standard envelope sizes you need to check whether your country will process them normally or whether there may be a surcharge for non-standard.

Derivations of Letter Sizing.

Countries such as US and Canada use Letter size paper as their standard.

When making handmade greeting cards from Letter size paper I’ve made the assumption that the same principles apply as used above for A4.

The base size paper is cut in half and then that piece is then folded in half again as in the image above.

The actual dimensions of Letter paper

Letter         8.5″ × 11″    (216 mm × 279 mm)

Making Cards from 12″ x 12″ Card Stock.

Now to be complete talking about paper and card for craft I need to mention the scrapbook paper size.

Scrapbook Paper is 12″ x 12″ (305 mm x 305 mm) and it too can be cut down to make greeting cards.  For example cut in half giving you 2 x 6″x12″ sheets, then fold in half again to give a 6″x6″ card.

These will make non-standard card sizes and may have mailing issues, but perfectly fine to give to your friends.



Easter Cards


Easter Card Designs

I’ve just created some Easter Greeting Card Templates for Members to Download, Print and Use.

You can download them below…



I hope you like them and find them useful.

I’d REALLY LOVE to know what you do with them.

Send me an email with your pictures of your designs.

Or you can post them on the Paper Punch Flowers Facebook page

Remember you don’t need to decorate your cards with Paper Punch Flowers, you can use whatever techniques
you love and desire.  But they are designed to accommodate floral arrangements.

To Download Templates for A5 Card Click Here

To Download Templates for Half Letter size card Click Here

Enjoy your EASTER card making![/private_Workshop]

More than a paper crafter!

I love adding paper punch flowers to my greeting card designs but that’s not all I do!  I’m always looking for a new challenge and just wanted to share one of my recent projects.

I love tiling and always wanted to do a mosaic.  I was thinking a water feature to hang on the wall but never got around to that.  But then recently my husband came by some marine grade ply board and I got an idea… our BBQ needed a special place in our back yard so my creative mind went into over drive.

I decided to create a MOSAIC FEATURE WALL!

Once I get an idea there really is no stopping me.  This mosiac back drop took 2 solid weeks of work to complete which doesn’t include preparation time or making a couple of little addons.  If you are going to tackle a project this size your really need to block out a big chunk of time from your life…well that’s kind of what I did.

The mosaic feature wall is about 2.5 meters wide and 2.1 meters high.  I’ve made many aspects of it 3 dimensional (seems I am just not happy with flat surfaces!) such as the tree and the attached gecko and frog.

I now love sitting outside with a glass of red wine and just taking it all in.

I wonder what project I’ll think up next.  Maybe I’ll get back into some more card making.  I do need to increase my reserve stocks…

Click on the images below to view my finished mosaic wall.


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